An estimated 11 million people in the United States have age-related macular degeneration. At Sponsel Eye Experts, in San Antonio, Texas, the ophthalmology team offers comprehensive diagnostic evaluations to identify macular degeneration in its earliest stages. The team also designs a treatment plan to improve your sight and reduce your risk for permanent vision loss. Schedule a preventive exam for macular degeneration today online or by calling the office of Sponsel Eye Experts today.
The macula is the center part of your retina that provides you with detailed vision. Your retina is the layer of tissue at the back of your eye that sends images to your brain, so you can see.
As you get older, degenerative changes can occur in your macula that reduce your central field of vision, a condition known as macular degeneration.
There are two types of macular degeneration — dry and wet macular degeneration.
Dry macular degeneration describes a build-up of cell debris (drusen) between your retina and the choroid, the blood supply in the back of your eye. This build-up can cause the retina to detach from your eye and lead to vision loss.
Wet macular degeneration involves the growth of blood vessels from the choroid behind your retina, which can also result in a detached retina.
Macular degeneration causes the loss of your central vision. No matter if you’re looking at things that are close up or far away, you won’t be able to see the fine details of the object.
While your central vision worsens, you will still have your peripheral (side) vision.
You should schedule a diagnostic evaluation for macular degeneration with the team at Sponsel Eye Experts, if you have blurry vision or other unexplained changes in your vision.
The team at Sponsel Eye Experts, performs a dilated eye exam to check the health of your retina and macula. You can also expect to have a specialized vision test that helps identify distorted or blank spots in your central field of vision.
Another test to identify macular degeneration is optical coherence tomography (OCT). This imaging test uses a specialized machine to scan your retina to create highly detailed pictures of the back of your eye.
If you have dry macular degeneration, the team at Sponsel Eye Experts, can recommend nutritional supplements that help slow the progression of the disease. You might need supplemental vitamins and minerals like:
The team provides specialty liquid supplements to preserve your macula and retina. Additionally, you should make dietary changes to increase your intake of leafy greens, fish, and other vitamin-rich foods.
If you have wet macular degeneration, you might need injectable medications that go into your eye to reduce the abnormal blood vessels in your retina. The same medications can also slow any leaks you have in your blood vessels.
The team at Sponsel Eye Experts, also offers laser surgery to treat wet macular degeneration. The laser energy can destroy abnormal blood vessels and stop leakage.
If you have symptoms of macular degeneration, call the office of Sponsel Eye Experts, to learn more about your options for treatment or book a consultation online today.