Glaucoma Specialist

Sponsel Eye Experts

Ophthalmology & General Optometry located in San Antonio, TX

Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in people over 60 in the United States. To reduce your risk for vision loss, the team at Sponsel Eye Experts offers glaucoma evaluations at the office in San Antonio, Texas. They specialize in treating all stages of glaucoma in both adults and children. Customized treatment plans are created for each patients’ individual needs. Dr. Sponsel specializes in pediatric glaucoma surgery and is the only doctor around San Antonio to offer this service for children. To schedule a routine glaucoma screening, call the office, or book a consultation online today.

Glaucoma Q & A

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve, the nerve at the back of your eye that communicates with your brain.

There are two types of glaucoma — primary open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma.

Primary open-angle glaucoma

Primary open-angle glaucoma occurs gradually over time when fluids in your eye build up and press on your optic nerve. This type of glaucoma develops because the fluids in your eye aren’t draining like they should because of dysfunction in the drainage system.

Angle-closure glaucoma

Angle-closure glaucoma is a less common type of glaucoma that occurs when the colored part of your eye (iris) is too close to the natural drainage system of the eye. Your iris can block fluids from leaving your eye, allowing fluids to build up against your optic nerve.

This type of glaucoma can develop over time without any symptoms. It can also occur suddenly, which is a medical emergency.  If the pressure in your eye increases without warning, you need immediate medical attention to prevent blindness.

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Diagnosing glaucoma before you experience symptoms like vision loss is possible with routine eye exams.

The team at Sponsel Eye Experts offers comprehensive eye exams that include glaucoma testing. During your exam, your provider measures the pressure in your eye during a noninvasive test. They also visually inspect the drainage angle of your eye and evaluate your optic nerve for signs of damage.

You should schedule a routine eye exam at least once a year. If you have underlying health conditions like diabetes, you might need to meet with the team more often throughout the year for a preventive eye exam.

If you’re showing signs of glaucoma, the team customizes a treatment plan to reduce the pressure in your eye and protect the health of your optic nerve.

How is glaucoma treated?

In the early stages of glaucoma, the team at Sponsel Eye Experts can reduce your risk for optic nerve damage with medications that lower the pressure in your eye. Some medications slow down the production of fluids your eyes make, while others improve the function of your eye’s drainage.

If you have severe glaucoma, you may need surgery to lower the pressure in your eyes to prevent further glaucomatous loss of vision. Both, Dr. Mancha and Dr. Sponsel are skilled in treating all forms and severities of glaucoma. Dr. Sponsel specializes in all forms of glaucoma surgery. Dr. Sponsel is available to help adults, children, and patients with special needs. He is the only doctor in San Antonio to provide surgery for pediatrics with glaucoma. 

To schedule a glaucoma evaluation, call the office of Sponsel Eye Experts or book a consultation online today.